Checklist: Key terms used in teaching in the U.S.
(American Language Institute)
- Learning objectives. Usually offered at the beginning of a course or appointment, these statements tell students what they should be able to do as a result of learning the designated materials. Good objectives usually give students an idea of how their learning will be assessed and graded (e.g., be able to compare and contrast two theories; be able to evaluate a proposal).
- Grading criteria. A description of the standards for excellent, good, fair, and poor performance. Grading criteria are essential when constructing a key or grading plan for a particular assignment.
- Partial credit. The practice of giving points or credit for answers which are partially, but not completely, correct. The purpose is to acknowledge the degree to which students have understood the underlying concepts or skills, even if they haven’t been able to apply that knowledge perfectly in a particular situation. How much credit to give to a partially correct answer depends upon the professor’s teaching philosophy and the norms in a particular discipline, so speak to the professor about his or her policy before grading the first assignment.
- Recitation. A section of a lecture class in which roughly 20 students meet 1-2 times per week with the faculty member or graduate student. The smaller classes give students an opportunity to ask questions about the course material and learn more interactively.
- Quiz. A small set of questions or problems given to student to assess their progress through a course, sometimes to ensure that students do not fall behind in their preparation. A quiz is much shorter than an exam or test and usually counts for a very small portion of the overall course grade (usually less than 10%).
- Proctoring. The process of carefully monitoring students’ work during an exam. The primary goal of proctoring is to prevent cheating. Proctors may also answer questions of clarification about the exam questions, but must be careful not to give out information that would give some students an unfair advantage.